WomensLaw no es solamente para mujeres. Servimos y apoyamos a todos/as los/as sobrevivientes no importa su sexo o género.

Importante: Aun si las cortes están cerradas puede haber una forma para pedir una orden de protección y recursos de emergencia. Vea las Cortes y el COVID-19.

Información Legal: Federal

Inmigración

Ver Todo
Actualizada: 
17 de mayo de 2021

What documents will I need in order to apply for a battered spouse or child waiver?

Una vez que el perdón de el/la esposo/a o hijo/a maltratado/a es enviado, el Servicio de Ciudadanía y de Inmigración de los Estados Unidos (United States Citizenship and Immigration Service – USCIS) puede pedir información adicional. Si el perdón el/la esposo/a o hijo/a maltratado/a es aprobado, la condición en la residencia permanente legal condicional va a ser eliminada. Nota: Si usted es un/a residente permanente legal condicional a través de un matrimonio con un/a agresor/a que es ciudadano/ade los Estados Unidos o un/a residente permanente legal, y usted no envía una petición conjunta o un perdón de esposo/a o hijo/a maltratado/a antes del segundo aniversario de la fecha cuando usted obtuvo la residencia permanente legal condicional, usted puede perder su residencia permanente legal y puede ser removido/a (deportado/a) de los Estados Unidos.1

1Sitio web del USCIS – Instrucciones de la Petición para Remover las Condiciones de Residencia

Will I have to testify about my application?

USCIS can approve a battered spouse or child waiver without an interview, but in most cases, they will want to interview you about your case. If that happens, they will notify you and your lawyer about the date and location of the interview. You will need to work with your lawyer to prepare for the interview.

What happens after my lawyer files my battered spouse or child waiver?

After your attorney files your battered spouse or child waiver, US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) sends a receipt to the address you provide on your application. That receipt will tell you what date USCIS received your application. The receipt notice will also extend your conditional permanent residence for 18 months.1 The extension will allow you to continue working and maintaining your immigration status while USCIS reviews your application. You should consult with your immigration attorney before traveling while your battered spouse or child waiver application is pending.

Be sure to use a safe address where the abuser will not get the mail and where you can be sure that you will receive it. USCIS may later request additional evidence from you so it’s very important to use an address where you will be sure to receive mail. Many people use their lawyer’s office address.

How long will USCIS take to review my application?

USCIS’s processing times have changed over the years, and it is difficult to predict how long a self-petition that is filed now will take. However, as of May 2021, USCIS is taking between 17 to 35 months to review I-751s, including joint petitions and waiver applications. You can find USCIS’s updated case processing times on the USCIS website. Because it takes so long for the government to review the waiver and they may have additional questions for you, it is very important to keep your mailing address up to date the entire time that your application is pending.

Si el perdón del esposo o hijo maltratado es aprobado, ¿cuál será mi estatus migratorio?

Si el perdón de el/la esposo/a o hijo/a maltratado/a es aprobado, la condición en su residencia permanente legal condicional será eliminada.1 Eso significa que usted tendrá residencia permanente legal y podrá quedarse en los Estados Unidos mientras respete las leyes de inmigración.2 Eliminar la condición en su residencia permanente legal condicional es obligatorio para que no pierda su residencia permanente legal y no se vuelva removible (deportable) de los Estados Unidos.3

1 INA § 216(c)(3)(B)
2Sitio web del USCIS – Tarjeta Verde (residencia permanente)
3 INA § 216(c)(2)

If the battered spouse or child waiver is approved, how soon can I apply for citizenship?

You can apply for citizenship once you have been a permanent resident for a total of three years. This three-year period includes the time when you were a conditional permanent resident. Depending on when you file your battered spouse or child waiver and how long your case is pending, you may be eligible to apply for citizenship once the waiver is approved or even before then.1

1 See the USCIS website