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Información Legal: Federal

Inmigración

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Actualizada: 
18 de diciembre de 2020

¿Qué beneficios brinda el estatus de refugiado?

Si su solicitud es aprobada, podrá viajar a los Estados Unidos e ingresar al país con una visa válida. Además, con el estatus de refugiado/a podrá:

  • trabajar legalmente en los EE.UU.1 y
  • ser elegible para el solicitar la residencia permanente legal (una “tarjeta verde”) después de un año de haber recibido su estatus de refugiado/a.2

If you didn’t include your family in your refugee application, you can apply to bring your husband or wife and unmarried children under 21 to the U.S. within the first two years of entering the U.S. as a refugee.1 This can include step-children and adopted children, but the rules are complicated.3

1 Vea la página de refugiados/as del sitio web de USCIS
2 8 CFR § 209.1
3 Vea INA § 101(b); 8 USC § 1101(b)

¿Cómo pueden mis familiares beneficiarse de mi estatus de refugiado?

When you ask for refugee status, you may also ask that some of your close family members get refugee status too as “derivatives.”1 You must do this within the first two years of being granted refugee status.2 You can include your wife or husband, and children who are menores de 21 años que no están casados/as when you filed your application. Included in the definition of “children” are step-children and adopted children, but the rules are complicated.​​3

Your family members must show that the special barriers to status known as the “grounds of inadmissibility” do not apply to them, or you must ask that U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services “waive” any barriers that do apply to them.4

In addition, when you file for lawful permanent residence after being in the U.S. as a refugee for one year, you can also apply for your family members to get lawful permanent residence.5

1 INA § 207(c)(2); 8 USC § 1157(c)(2)
2 Vea la página de web del USCIS
3 INA § 101(b)(1)(E); 8 USC 1101(b)
4 INA sec. 207(c)(3); 8 USC 1157(c)(3)
5 Vea la página de web del USCIS

¿Cómo puedo solicitar la residencia legal permanente una vez tenga el estatus de refugiado?

If you are in the U.S. in refugee status, you are required by law to apply for lawful permanent residence (la “tarjeta verde”) un año después de ser admitido/a. To get lawful permanent residence, both of the following must be true:

  • you have not lost your status and usted ha estado presente físicamente en los Estados Unidos por lo menos durante un año después de entró como refugiado/a; y
  • you are not barred from getting status by the “grounds of inadmissibility” or you ask USCIS to “waive” any “inadmissibility” barriers you face.1

It is easy to file the wrong forms, incomplete forms, or put the wrong information in the forms, so you should work with a lawyer who can help you to file the correct documents. Para encontrar un/a abogado/a, por favor ir a la página Encontrando a un Abogado y seleccione su estado o vaya a la página Organizaciones Nacionales - Inmigración.

1 Vea la página de Tarjeta Verde para Refugiados del sitio de web de USCIS