Can I get my order of protection from Missouri enforced in another state?
If you have a valid Missouri order of protection that meets federal standards, it can be enforced in another state. The Violence Against Women Act, which is a federal law, states that all valid protection orders granted in the United States receive “full faith and credit” in all state and tribal courts within the US, including US territories, which means that each state must enforce out-of-state orders in the same way it enforces its own orders. Therefore, if the abuser violates your order of protection, s/he will be punished according to the laws of whatever state you are in when the order is violated.
See How do I know if my order of protection is good under federal law? to see if your order of protection qualifies for out-of-state enforcement.
How do I know if my order of protection is good under federal law?
An order of protection is good anywhere in the United States as long as:
- it was issued to prevent violent or threatening acts, harassing behavior, or sexual violence, or it was issued to prevent another person from coming near you or contacting you;1
- the judge that issued the order had power (jurisdiction) over the people and case; in other words, the judge had the authority to hear the case; and
- the abuser received notice of the order and had an opportunity to go to court to tell his/her side of the story.
- In the case of ex parte temporary and emergency orders, the abuser must receive notice and have an opportunity to go to court to tell his/her side of the story at a hearing that is scheduled before the temporary order expires.2
Note: For information on enforcing a military protective order (MPO) off the military installation or enforcing a civil protection order (CPO) on a military installation, please see our Military Protective Orders page.
1 18 U.S.C. § 2266(5)
2 18 U.S.C. § 2265(a) & (b)
I have a temporary ex parte order. Can it be enforced in another state?
An ex parte temporary order can be enforced in other states as long as it meets the requirements listed in How do I know if my order of protection is good under federal law?
Note: The state where you are going generally cannot extend your ex parte temporary order or issue you a permanent order when the temporary one expires. If you need to extend your temporary order, you will have to contact the state that issued the order and arrange to be at the hearing. You may need to appear in person or, if the judge allows it, by telephone or video call. However, you may be able to reapply for an order in the new state you are moving to if you meet the requirements for getting a protective order in that state. If you apply in the new state, though, the abuser would know what state you are living in, which may put you in danger.
1 18 U.S.C. § 2265(a) & (b)