Who can file for a protection order?
Any person who has been a victim of domestic violence or a victim of any crime committed by an intimate partner (as defined in What is the legal definition of domestic violence in Puerto Rico?), can apply for a protection order. A protection order can be requested in person or through an attorney or the police. It is not necessary to report the abuse to the police in order to apply for one.*
Additionally, an order can be requested on behalf of any person who suffers from a physical or mental disability or, in the event of an emergency, any person who is unable to request one on their own.**
An employer can request a protection order on behalf of his/her employees, visitors, or any other person at the workplace if:
- one of his/her employees has been the victim of domestic violence or criminal conduct as defined in this law; and
- the domestic violence or criminal conduct occurred at the workplace.
Before starting this procedure, however, the employer should notify the employee who has been a victim of domestic violence or criminal activity of his/her intention to do so.**
* 8 L.P.R.A. § 621
** 8 L.P.R.A. § 623