Legal Information: Louisiana

Restraining Orders

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March 18, 2022

What protections can I get in a protective order?

In a temporary restraining order, a judge may order the abuser to:

  • stop threatening, harassing, or hurting you;
  • not contact or interfere with you or your children (and give you temporary custody);
  • stay away from your and your children’s residence, places of employment, schools, etc.;
  • prevent you and the abuser from giving away, selling, or destroying any mutually-owned property;
  • move out of the residence (if you live together);
    • Note: If the abuser solely owns or leases the house or apartment, s/he may not be asked to move out unless the abuser has a legal duty to support you or your children, such as a spouse or parent may;
  • return your personal property to you; and
  • give you possession of your pet or order the abuser to stop abusing your pet.1

In a long-term protective order (after a full hearing), a judge may:

  • order all of the relief listed above; and
  • include the following additional terms:
    • establish temporary visitation;
    • order the abuser to pay temporary child support if you have children with the abuser;
    • order the abuser to pay temporary spousal support if you are married to the abuser;
    • give you possession of a shared home, even if the abuser owns it, if you are the abuser’s spouse or have custody of your and the abuser’s minor children;
    • order either a medical or mental health evaluation (or both) of the abuser to be conducted by an independent court-appointed evaluator who qualifies as an expert in the field of domestic abuse and who has no family, financial, or prior medical or mental health relationship with the abuser or his/her attorney of record; and
    • order the abuser to attend counseling.2

In addition, the law says that the abuser must (“shall”) pay for all of your court costs, attorney fees, costs of enforcing or modifying the order, costs of appeals, evaluation fees, and expert witness fees based on filing or defending any proceeding concerning a domestic abuse protection order. The abuser must also pay for all costs of medical and psychological care for you (the abused adult), or for any of your children when the care is needed due to the domestic violence.3

Note: Louisiana law prohibits the defendant (abuser) from possessing a firearm or carrying a concealed weapon while the long-term protective order is in effect if:

  • the order includes a finding that the defendant represents a believable (credible) threat to the physical safety of a family member, household member, or dating partner; and
  • the order includes a notice to the defendant about this law and about the federal firearm law.4

1 LA R.S. § 46:2135
2 LA R.S. § 46:2136
3 LA R.S. § 46:2136.1
4 LA R.S. § 46:2136.3

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