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Legal Information: Connecticut

State Gun Laws

Updated: 
November 2, 2019

I am a victim of domestic violence and the abuser has a gun. Is that legal?

It is illegal under Connecticut state law for a person to possess (have) a firearm or ammunition if any of the following are true:

  1. s/he has been convicted of a felony;
  2. s/he has been convicted of any of the following misdemeanors committed on or after October 1, 2013:
  3. s/he has been convicted as delinquent for a “serious juvenile offense;”
  4. s/he has been discharged from custody within the past 20 years after having been found not guilty of a crime by reason of mental disease or defect;
  5. s/he has been confined on or after October 1, 2013, in a hospital for persons with psychiatric disabilities within the past five years by order of a probate court, or within the past 1 year if the person already has a valid permit or certificate to carry firearms;
  6. s/he has been voluntarily admitted on or after October 1, 2013, to a hospital for persons with psychiatric disabilities or within the past six months for care and treatment of a psychiatric disability; Note: This does not apply if:
    • the person voluntarily admitted him/herself for alcohol or drug dependency; or
    • if the person is a police officer who voluntarily admitted him/herself and had his/her firearm returned for official use; or
  7. s/he has been adjudicated as a “mental defective” or has been committed to a mental institution (and therefore is prohibited from shipping, transporting, possessing or receiving a firearm under the federal law 18 USC 922(g)(4)).1

In addition, a person can be denied a certificate to carry a revolver or pistol if any of the following are true:

  • s/he meets any of the conditions listed in numbers 1-7 above;
  • s/he is under age 21;
  • s/he is an “alien” who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States; or
  • a judge ordered that his/her firearms be seized for the reasons explained in the paragraph below.2

Under Connecticut law, if a state’s attorney or any two police officers believe that a person who possesses one or more firearms poses a risk of immediate personal injury to himself/herself or to others, the state’s attorney or police officers can ask a judge to issue a warrant to seize all firearms and ammunition from that person.3 See our Firearms Seizure Law section for more information.

Also, federal laws, which apply to all states, restrict an abuser’s right to have a gun if s/he was convicted of a felony or a domestic violence misdemeanor or if you have a final protection order against him/her that meets certain requirements. Go to the Federal Gun Laws page to get more information.

1 C.G.S.A. § 53a-217(a)
2 C.G.S.A § 29-36f
3 C.G.S.A. § 29-38c(a)