IC 34-26-5-9 Authority and jurisdiction of courts; relief available; notification and effectiveness of order; subsequent case or hearings
Sec. 9. (a) If it appears from a petition for an order for protection or from a petition to modify an order for protection that domestic or family violence has occurred or that a modification of an order for protection is required, a court may:
(1) without notice or hearing, immediately issue an order for protection ex parte or modify an order for protection ex parte; or
(2) upon notice and after a hearing, whether or not a respondent appears, issue or modify an order for protection.
(b) A court may grant the following relief without notice and hearing in an ex parte order for protection or in an ex parte order for protection modification:
(1) Enjoin a respondent from threatening to commit or committing acts of domestic or family violence against a petitioner and each designated family or household member.
(2) Prohibit a respondent from harassing, annoying, telephoning, contacting, or directly or indirectly communicating with a petitioner.
(3) Remove and exclude a respondent from the residence of a petitioner, regardless of ownership of the residence.
(4) Order a respondent to stay away from the residence, school, or place of employment of a petitioner or a specified place frequented by a petitioner and each designated family or household member.
(5) Order that a petitioner has the exclusive possession, care, custody, or control of any animal owned, possessed, kept, or cared for by the petitioner, respondent, minor child of either the petitioner or respondent, or any other family or household member.
(6) Prohibit a respondent from removing, transferring, injuring, concealing, harming, attacking, mistreating, threatening to harm, or otherwise disposing of an animal described in subdivision (5).
(7) Order possession and use of the residence, an automobile, and other essential personal effects, regardless of the ownership of the residence, automobile, and essential personal effects. If possession is ordered under this subdivision or subdivision (5), the court may direct a law enforcement officer to accompany a petitioner to the residence of the parties to:
(A) ensure that a petitioner is safely restored to possession of the residence, automobile, animal, and other essential personal effects; or
(B) supervise a petitioner's or respondent's removal of personal belongings and animal.
(8) Order other relief necessary to provide for the safety and welfare of a petitioner and each designated family or household member.
(c) A court may grant the following relief after notice and a hearing, whether or not a respondent appears, in an order for protection or in a modification of an order for protection:
(1) Grant the relief under subsection (b).
(2) Specify arrangements for parenting time of a minor child by a respondent and:
(A) require supervision by a third party; or
(B) deny parenting time;
if necessary to protect the safety of a petitioner or child.
(3) Order a respondent to:
(A) pay attorney's fees;
(B) pay rent or make payment on a mortgage on a petitioner's residence;
(C) if the respondent is found to have a duty of support, pay for the support of a petitioner and each minor child;
(D) reimburse a petitioner or other person for expenses related to the domestic or family violence, including:
(i) medical expenses;
(iii) shelter; and
(iv) repair or replacement of damaged property;
(E) pay the costs and expenses incurred in connection with the use of a GPS tracking device under subsection (i); or
(F) pay the costs and fees incurred by a petitioner in bringing the action.
(4) Prohibit a respondent from using or possessing a firearm, ammunition, or a deadly weapon specified by the court, and direct the respondent to surrender to a specified law enforcement agency the firearm, ammunition, or deadly weapon for the duration of the order for protection unless another date is ordered by the court.
An order issued under subdivision (4) does not apply to a person who is exempt under 18 U.S.C. 925.
(d) The court shall:
(1) cause the order for protection to be delivered to the county sheriff for service;
(2) make reasonable efforts to ensure that the order for protection is understood by a petitioner and a respondent if present;
(3) electronically notify each law enforcement agency:
(A) required to receive notification under IC 5-2-9-6; or
(B) designated by the petitioner;
(4) transmit a copy of the order to the clerk for processing under IC 5-2-9;
(5) indicate in the order if the order and the parties meet the criteria under 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(8); and
(6) require the clerk of court to enter or provide a copy of the order to the Indiana protective order registry established by IC 5-2-9-5.5.
(e) An order for protection issued ex parte or upon notice and a hearing, or a modification of an order for protection issued ex parte or upon notice and a hearing, is effective for two (2) years after the date of issuance unless another date is ordered by the court. The sheriff of each county shall provide expedited service for an order for protection.
(f) A finding that domestic or family violence has occurred sufficient to justify the issuance of an order under this section means that a respondent represents a credible threat to the safety of a petitioner or a member of a petitioner's household. Upon a showing of domestic or family violence by a preponderance of the evidence, the court shall grant relief necessary to bring about a cessation of the violence or the threat of violence. The relief may include an order directing a respondent to surrender to a law enforcement officer or agency all firearms, ammunition, and deadly weapons:
(1) in the control, ownership, or possession of a respondent; or
(2) in the control or possession of another person on behalf of a respondent;
for the duration of the order for protection unless another date is ordered by the court.
(g) An order for custody, parenting time, or possession or control of property issued under this chapter is superseded by an order issued from a court exercising dissolution, legal separation, paternity, or guardianship jurisdiction over the parties.
(h) The fact that an order for protection is issued under this chapter does not raise an inference or presumption in a subsequent case or hearings between the parties.
(i) Upon a finding of a violation of an order for protection, the court may:
(1) require a respondent to wear a GPS tracking device; and
(2) prohibit the respondent from approaching or entering certain locations where the petitioner may be found.
If the court requires a respondent to wear a GPS tracking device under subdivision (1), the court shall, if available, require the respondent to wear a GPS tracking device with victim notification capabilities.
(j) The court may permit a victim, a petitioner, another person, an organization, or an agency to pay the costs and expenses incurred in connection with the use of a GPS tracking device under subsection (i).