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Legal Information: Wisconsin

Statutes: Wisconsin

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Updated: 
July 16, 2020

801.50. Venue in civil actions or special proceedings

(1) A defect in venue shall not affect the validity of any order or judgment.
(2) Except as otherwise provided by statute, venue in civil actions or special proceedings shall be as follows:
(a) In the county where the claim arose;
(b) In the county where the real or tangible personal property, or some part thereof, which is the subject of the claim, is situated;
(c) In the county where a defendant resides or does substantial business; or
(d) If the provisions under par. (a) to (c) do not apply, then venue shall be in any county designated by the plaintiff.
(3)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), all actions in which the sole defendant is the state, any state board or commission, or any state officer, employee, or agent in an official capacity shall be venued in the county designated by the plaintiff unless another venue is specifically authorized by law.
(b) All actions relating to the validity or invalidly of a rule shall be venued as provided in s. 227.40(1).
(c) An action commenced by a prisoner, as defined under s. 801.02(7)(a)2., in which the sole defendant is the state, any state board or commission, or any state officer, employee, or agent in an official capacity shall be venued in Dane County unless another venue is specifically authorized by law.
(3m) Venue in an action under s. 323.60(8) or (9) related to hazardous substance releases shall be in the county as provided under s. 323.60(10).
(4) Venue of an action seeking a remedy available by habeas corpus shall be in the county:
(a) Where the plaintiff was convicted or sentenced if the action seeks relief from a judgment of conviction or sentence under which the plaintiff’s liberty is restrained.
(b) Where the liberty of the plaintiff is restrained if the action seeks relief concerning any other matter relating to a restraint on the liberty of the plaintiff.
(4m) Venue of an action to challenge the apportionment of any congressional or state legislative district shall be as provided in s. 751.035. Not more than 5 days after an action to challenge the apportionment of a congressional or state legislative district is filed, the clerk of courts for the county where the action is filed shall notify the clerk of the supreme court of the filing.
(5) Venue of an action for certiorari to review a probation, extended supervision, or parole revocation, a denial by a program review committee under s. 302.113(9g) of a petition for modification of a bifurcated sentence, or a refusal of parole shall be the county in which the relator was last convicted of an offense for which the relator was on probation, extended supervision, or parole or for which the relator is currently incarcerated.
(5c) Venue of an action for certiorari brought by the department of corrections under s. 302.113(9)(d) or 302.114(9)(d) to review a decision to not revoke extended supervision shall be in the county in which the person on extended supervision was convicted of the offense for which he or she is on extended supervision.
(5m) Venue of an action arising from a consumer credit transaction, as defined in s. 421.301(10), shall be in any county specified in s. 421.401(1).
(5p) Venue of an environmental pollution action brought by a person who is not a resident of this state against a commission created under s. 200.23 shall be in the county which contains the 1st class city that is located wholly or partially within the applicable district created under s. 200.23.
(5r) Venue of an action under s. 813.12 growing out of domestic abuse shall be in the county in which the cause of action arose, where the petitioner or the respondent resides or where the petitioner is temporarily living, except that venue may be in any county within a 100-mile radius of the county seat of the county in which the petitioner resides or in any county in which the petitioner is temporarily living if the petitioner is any of the following:
(a) A victim advocate, as defined in s. 905.045(1)(e).
(b) An employee of the county court system.
(c) A legal professional practicing law, as defined in SCR 23.01.
(d) A current or former law enforcement officer, as defined in s. 102.475(8)(c).
(e) The spouse of a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(f) A person who is currently or has been in a dating relationship, as defined in s. 813.12(1)(ag), with or a person who has a child in common with a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(g) An immediate family member, as defined in s. 97.605(4)(a)2., of a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(h) A household member, as defined in s. 813.12(1)(c), of a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(5s) Venue of an action under s. 813.122 or 813.125 shall be in the county in which the cause of action arose or where the petitioner or the respondent resides, except that venue may be in any county within a 100-mile radius of the county seat of the county in which the petitioner resides or in any county in which the petitioner is temporarily living if the petitioner is any of the following:
(a) A victim advocate, as defined in s. 905.045(1)(e).
(b) An employee of the county court system.
(c) A legal professional practicing law, as defined in SCR 23.01.
(d) A current or former law enforcement officer, as defined in s. 102.475(8)(c).
(e) The spouse of a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(f) A person who is currently or has been in a dating relationship, as defined in s. 813.12(1)(ag), with or a person who has a child in common with a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(g) An immediate family member, as defined in s. 97.605(4)(a)2., of a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(h) A household member, as defined in s. 813.12(1)(c), of a person listed in par. (a), (b), (c), or (d).
(5t) Except as otherwise provided in ss. 801.52 and 971.223(1) and (2), venue in a civil action to impose a forfeiture upon a resident of this state for a violation of chs. 5 to 12, subch. III of ch. 13, or subch. III of ch. 19, or for a violation of any other law arising from or in relation to the official functions of the subject of the investigation or any matter that involves elections, ethics, or lobbying regulation under chs. 5 to 12, subch. III of ch. 13, or subch. III of ch. 19, shall be in circuit court for the county where the defendant resides. For purposes of this subsection, a person other than a natural person resides within a county if the person’s principal place of operation is located within that county. This subsection does not affect which prosecutor has responsibility under s. 978.05(2) to prosecute civil actions arising from violations under s. 971.223(1).
(5v) Venue of an action under s. 165.76(6) shall be in any of the following counties:
(a) The county where the respondent resides.
(b) The county in which a court order requiring the respondent to submit a biological specimen to the state crime laboratories for deoxyribonucleic acid analysis was entered.
(c) The county in which any court proceeding was held that resulted in a requirement that the respondent submit a biological specimen to the state crime laboratories for deoxyribonucleic acid analysis.
(6) Venue under this section may be changed under s. 801.52.