Legal Information: Minnesota

State Gun Laws

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Updated: 
December 7, 2015

If the abuser has been convicted of a crime, can s/he keep or buy a gun?

No. Under federal law, if the abuser has been convicted of a felony or a domestic violence misdemeanor, s/he cannot have or buy a gun.*  If you're not sure if the abuser has been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor, see What crimes are considered domestic violence misdemeanors?

In addition, Minnesota state law says that a person cannot have or buy a gun if s/he been convicted of:

  1. a crime of violence, either as an adult or as a juvenile, either in MN or similar crimes in another state;
  2. was convicted of a crime in another state similar to MN’s crime of domestic assault (subdivision 3) or MN's assault in the 5th degree (subdivision 3) or convicted in Minnesota of assault against a family or household member or domestic assault (subdivision 8) - (however, if more than 3 years has passed since the conviction and s/he has no subsequent similar convictions and s/he has not been convicted of any of the crimes listed below in #5, s/he may be able to possess a gun at that time);
  3. any crime punishable by jail time of more than one year;
  4. a drug-related misdemeanor or gross misdemeanor (however, if more than 3 years has passed since the conviction and s/he has no subsequent similar convictions, s/he may be able to possess a gun at that time);
  5. in any state, of any of the following gross misdemeanors: gang violence, bias assault, false imprisonment, neglect or endangerment of a child, burglary, stalking, setting a spring gun, and riot (however, if more than 3 years has passed since the conviction and s/he has no subsequent similar convictions, s/he may be able to possess a gun at that time); or
  6. assaulting a family or household member while using a firearm (then s/he can't possess a gun for the period determined by the trial court judge).**

* 18 USC § 922 (g)(9)
** MN Statutes §624.713(subdiv. 1)