WomensLaw serves and supports all survivors, no matter their sex or gender.

Legal Information: Alabama

State Gun Laws

Laws current as of September 1, 2023

I am a victim of domestic violence and the abuser has a gun. Is that legal?

Alabama state law says that the following people cannot have a firearm:

  1. anyone who is subject to a valid protection order for domestic abuse, issued after notice to the abuser and a hearing;
  2. anyone who has been convicted in Alabama or in another state of committing or attempting to the following crimes:
    • a crime of violence,1 which is defined as:
      • murder;
      • manslaughter;
      • rape;
      • mayhem;
      • assault with intent to rob, ravish, or murder;
      • robbery;
      • burglary;
      • kidnapping; and
      • any Class A felony or any Class B felony that has as an element serious physical injury, the distribution or manufacture of a controlled substance, or is of a sexual nature involving a child under the age of 12;2
    • a misdemeanor offense of domestic violence;1
    • one of 51 violent offenses listed in the law, including stalking, domestic violence, domestic violence by strangulation or suffocation, and more;3 (Note: You can read the whole list of 51 crimes on our Selected Alabama Statutes page, sub-section 15 of section 12-25-32);
  3. someone who is of “unsound mind,” which is defined in sub-section f of section 13A-11-72 of the law;
  4. someone who is addicted to drugs;
  5. someone who is an “illegally or unlawfully” in the United States or who has a nonimmigrant visa;
  6. a minor, unless the minor is being supervised by a parent and following the rules explained in sub-section f of section 13A-11-72 of the law; and
  7. someone who regularly abuses alcohol, known in the law as a “habitual drunkard”.4

Federal laws, which apply to all states and territories, also restrict a person’s right to have a gun under certain circumstances. Go to Federal Gun Laws to get more information.

1 Alabama Code § 13A-11-72(a), (h)(8)
2 Alabama Code § 13A-11-70(4)
3 Alabama Code §§ 13A-11-72(a); 12-25-32(15)
4 Alabama Code § 13A-11-72(a), (b), (c)