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Legal Information: Ohio

State Gun Laws

Updated: 
November 4, 2020

I do not have a protection order against the abuser and s/he has not been convicted of a crime. Can s/he have a gun?

Even if you do not have a protection order and the abuser was never convicted of any crime, there can be other reasons why s/he cannot legally have a firearm. Ohio law makes it illegal for someone to have a gun if s/he:

  • is under 18 years of age, (or under 21 for a handgun), but there are certain exceptions for military and law enforcement officers;1
  • is a fugitive from justice;
  • is drug-dependent, in danger of drug dependency, or a chronic alcoholic;
  • has been committed to a mental institution or has otherwise been found to be mentally ill, defective, or incompetent by a court;2 or
  • has been indicted for a violent felony, or has been found to have committed such an offense as a minor. The following are considered violent felonies:
    • aggravated murder;
    • murder;
    • voluntary manslaughter;
    • involuntary manslaughter;
    • felonious assault;
    • aggravated assault;
    • kidnapping;
    • abduction;
    • making terroristic threat;
    • robbery;
    • aggravated robbery;
  • has been indicted or convicted of one of the following crimes but only as a felony, not as a misdemeanor, or has been found to have committed such an offense as a minor:

If any of these apply to your situation, please talk to someone in your area about how this law is being enforced. If none of these situations apply, you can still make a plan for your safety. See our Safety Tips page for more information. You can also contact your local domestic violence organization for additional help. You may want to talk to them about whether leaving the area - either long term or for a little while - might help improve your safety. See our OH Advocates and Shelters page to find a local domestic violence organization near you.

For additional information on gun laws in Ohio, you can go to the Giffords Law Center website.

1 Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.211(A),(B)
2 Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.13(A)
3 Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.125(D)(1)