Legal Information: Louisiana

State Gun Laws

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April 14, 2017

I am a victim of domestic violence and the abuser has a gun. Is that legal?

It depends. If you have a protective order against the abuser, or if the abuser has been convicted of a felony or domestic violence misdemeanor, then federal law states that it is illegal for the abuser to ever buy, own or have a gun in his/her possession.1  There are certain requirements that your protective order must meet for it to qualify under federal law.  See I have a protective order against the abuser.  Can s/he keep a gun or buy a new gun? to read more about what those requirements are.  If you are not sure if the abuser has been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor, see What crimes are considered domestic violence misdemeanors?  To read the definition of a felony, see What is the definition of a felony?

In addition, if the abuser has committed one of the following crimes, Louisiana state law makes it illegal for him/her to possess a gun for a period of ten years from the date of completing the sentence, probation, parole, or suspension of sentence:

  • a “crime of violence” which is a felony;
  • various burglary crimes;
  • manufacture or possession of a bomb or other incendiary device;
  • possession of a firearm while possessing or selling a controlled dangerous substance;
  • felony illegal use of weapons;
  • any violation of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Law (LA R.S. 40.961 et seq.) that is a felony;
  • any crime defined as a sex offense; or
  • an attempt to commit any of these above-listed offenses.2

Note: This list summarizes the relevant crimes. For a complete list, please visit our LA Statutes page.  In addition, federal law applies to all states, which prohibits a convicted felon from ever possessing a gun.

For additional reasons why a person would not be able to carry a concealed weapon under LA law, go to I do not have a protective order against the abuser, and s/he has not been convicted of a crime. Is there anything I can do?

1 18 USC § 922(g)(8),(9)
2 LA R.S. 14:95.1(A),(C)