Legal Information: Louisiana

State Gun Laws

Updated: 
February 12, 2019

If the abuser has been convicted of a crime, can s/he keep or buy a gun?

Under Louisiana state law, it is illegal for anyone who has been convicted of any of the following crimes to possess a firearm or carry a concealed weapon as long as the person was represented by a criminal defense lawyer during the criminal case or s/he gave up (waived) the right to have a lawyer:

In addition, anyone who was convicted of or found "not guilty by reason of insanity" of any of the following crimes cannot possess a firearm or carry a concealed weapon for a period of ten years from the date of completing the sentence, probation, parole, suspension of sentence, or discharge from a mental institution by a court:

  1. a “crime of violence” which is a felony;
  2. various burglary crimes (for a complete list, go to our Selected Louisiana Statutes page);
  3. manufacture or possession of a bomb or other incendiary device;
  4. possession of a firearm while possessing or selling a controlled dangerous substance;
  5. felony illegal use of weapons;
  6. any violation of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Law (LA R.S. 40.961 et seq.) that is a felony;
  7. any crime defined as a sex offense; or
  8. an attempt to commit any of these above-listed offenses.2

Lastly, there are additional crime-related reasons why a person would not qualify for a permit to carry a concealed weapon. Under Louisiana law, in order to qualify for a concealed handgun permit, the person must:

  • not have been found guilty of (or entered a plea of guilty or "nolo contendere" to) a drug-related misdemeanor within the past five years prior to the date the application is submitted;
  • not presently be charged under indictment or a "bill of information" for a drug-related misdemeanor;
  • not have been found guilty of (or entered a plea of guilty or "nolo contendere" to) operating a vehicle while intoxicated within the past five years prior to the date the application is submitted or at any time after the application is submitted;
  • not been found guilty of (or entered a plea of guilty or "nolo contendere" to) a misdemeanor “crime of violence” (unless five years have passed since completion of the sentence or since any other conditions set by the court have been fulfilled);
  • not have been convicted of (or have entered a plea of guilty or "nolo contendere" to) any crime of violence or any crime punishable by imprisonment for a term of one year or greater (usually, a felony);
  • not be charged under indictment or a bill of information for any crime of violence or any crime punishable by imprisonment for a term of one year or greater (usually, a felony);
  • not be a fugitive from justice;
  • not have a history of engaging in violent behavior; Note: If within a ten-year period immediately before the date of the application, there is proof that either of the following are true, it will be assumed that the person has a "history of engaging in violent behavior":
    • the applicant was arrested or charged on three or more occasions for any “crime of violence;” or
    • the applicant was arrested or charged on two or more occasions for any crime of violence that may be punished by death;
  • not be ineligible to possess or receive a firearm under federal law (see The abuser has a gun. Is that legal? in our Federal Gun Laws section for more information).3

1 LA R.S. 14:95.10(A), (C)
2 LA R.S. 14:95.1(A), (C)
3 LA R.S. 40:1379.3(C)