WomensLaw is not just for women. We serve and support all survivors, no matter their sex or gender.

Legal Information: Tribal

Abuse in Tribal Communities

May 23, 2019

Is my tribal protection order valid outside of the reservation? And if I have a protection order by the state court, is it valid on the reservation?

Under most circumstances, tribal protection orders (and orders issued by state courts) are valid in all 50 states, Washington D.C., in all U.S. territories, and on all tribal lands.1

A court of an Indian tribe has full power, under the law, to:

  • issue and enforce protection orders involving any person, regardless of whether the respondent lives on or off the reservation;
  • enforce any orders through civil contempt proceedings; and
  • exclude someone who violates a protection order from Indian land.2

1 18 U.S.C. §2265(a)
2 18 U.S.C. §2265(e)