Who is eligible for an injunction against harassment?
You can file for an injunction against harassment against someone who has committed harassment against you or if you experience threats of harassment, which make it very likely that acts of harassment may happen at any moment.* However, the harasser must not be a family or household member, which means that the harasser cannot be:
- your current or former spouse;
- your parent;
- your child;
- your relative by blood or marriage;
- someone with whom you live/lived (Note: This definition does not include adults who lived together as roommates or who were cohabitants only for economic reasons or due to a contract (e.g., a lease); therefore, you may be able to file for an injunction against harassment against a roommate or cohabitant);
- someone with whom you have a child in common;
- your current or former dating partner;** or
- your current or former reciprocal beneficiary (a person with whom you have significant personal, emotional, and economic relationships, but are prohibited from legally marrying).***
If the harasser falls into one of these categories above, you may have to apply to the family court for an order for protection instead. Please see our Orders for Protection due to Domestic Abuse (Family Court) page for more information.
* HRS § 604-10.5(d)
** HRS § 586-1
*** HRS §§ 586-1; 572C-2