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Legal Information: Federal


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January 29, 2019

What are the benefits of asylum status?

If your asylum application is approved, you will be:

  • protected from having to return to your country of nationality or your last country of residence if you do not have a country of nationality;
  • granted work authorization (an Employment Authorization Document (EAD));
  • allowed to travel abroad with a refugee travel document issued by USCIS1; however do not travel to your home country without getting legal advice as it could affect your asylum status if you return to the country you claim to fear;
  • able to petition for your spouse and/or children to obtain derivative asylum status; and
  • eligible to apply for legal permanent residency (a Green Card) one year after being granted asylum – however, you must be physically present in the U.S. for that year.2

Note: When you apply for a Green Card (permanent residence), your spouse and children are also eligible to apply for a Green Card if they were admitted to the United States as asylees following your grant of asylum, or if they were already in the U.S. with you and were included in your grant of asylum.3

For a more complete list of benefits, you can go to the USCIS website’s “Benefits and Responsibilities of Asylees” page.

1USCIS website
2 8 CFR 209.2(a)(1)(ii)
3 USCIS website