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Información Legal: Indiana

Restraining Orders

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Actualizada: 
8 de octubre de 2019

What is a workplace violence restraining order? How do I get one?

A workplace violence restraining order is an order available to an employer if his/her employee is an abuse victim – the employer can file for it even if no violence has occurred at the workplace. If you are an employer, there are clear, easy-to-understand instructions on how to obtain a workplace violence restraining order at the Indiana Courts website.

An employer may seek protection under this law if the employee has experienced unlawful violence that occurred at the workplace or a credible threat of violence that could reasonably be carried out in the workplace.1

A “credible threat of violence” is defined as a statement or course of conduct that does not serve a legitimate purpose and that causes a reasonable person to fear for her safety or for the safety of her immediate family.2 A “course of conduct” can include any of the following behaviors (but there must be repeated incidents, not just one):

  • Following or stalking the employee to or from the employee’s place of work;
  • Entering the employee’s place of work;
  • Following the employee during the employee’s work hours;
  • Making telephone calls to an employee during the employee’s work hours; and/or
  • Sending correspondence to an employee by postal mail, interoffice mail, fax, or electronic mail.3

Note: if you are the victim, you cannot file for this yourself; your employer would file for it. If you want to file for your own order for protection, go to our Orders for Protection (due to domestic violence, harassment, stalking, or a sex offense) page to read more info.

1 IC § 34-26-6-6
2 IC § 34-26-6-2
3 IC § 34-26-6-1

What types of workplace violence restraining orders are there? How long do they last?

There are two types of workplace violence restraining orders:

  • an ex parte or temporary restraining order (TRO) issued without a hearing that lasts a maximum of 15 days, and
  • an injunction (an order issued after a hearing) that lasts up to 3 years.

To get a temporary ex parte order, the employer has to allege in the petition and prove that serious harm has been suffered by the employee or will be suffered by the employee due to the abuser.1

1 IC § 34-26-6-7 (2)

What protections can I get in a workplace violence restraining order?

A workplace violence restraining order can order the abuser to:

  • stay away from you and your family/ household members;
  • stay away from your home, work, school, vehicle, child’s school or daycare, or other location;1
  • not commit further unlawful violence against the victim or her family/household members;
  • not commit “credible threats of violence” against the victim or her family/household members, which include:
    • following or stalking the employee to or from the employee’s place of work;
    • entering the employee’s place of work;
    • following the employee during the employee’s work hours;
    • making telephone calls to an employee during the employee’s work hours; and
    • sending correspondence to an employee by postal mail, interoffice mail, fax, or electronic mail.2

1 See “Petition of employer for injunction prohibiting violence or threats of violence against employee,” available at the Indiana Courts website
2 IC §§ 34-26-6-8; 34-26-6-1

How much does it cost to file for a workplace violence restraining order?

There will be no cost as long as the petition alleges one of the following:

  • violence or threatened violence against the employee;
  • stalking of the employee; or
  • that the abuser of has spoken in a manner that has placed the employee in reasonable fear of violence.1

1 IC § 34-26-6-14

Si el agresor vive en otro estado, ¿puedo conseguir una orden en su contra?

Si el/la agresor/a vive en un estado diferente al suyo, el/la juez/a podría no tener “jurisdicción personal” (poder) sobre ese/a agresor/a. Esto significa que es posible que el tribunal no pueda otorgar una orden en contra de él/ella.

Hay algunas formas en las que una corte puede tener jurisdicción personal sobre un/a agresor/a que es de otro estado:

  1. El/la agresor/a tiene una conexión sustancial a su estado. Quizás el/la agresor/a viaja regularmente a su estado para visitarlo/a, por negocios, para ver la familia extendida, o el/la agresor/a vivía en su estado y huyó recientemente.
  2. Uno de los actos de maltrato “ocurrió” en su estado. Quizás el/la agresor/a le envía mensajes amenazantes o le hace llamadas acosadoras desde otro estado pero usted lee los mensajes o contesta las llamadas mientras usted está en su estado. El/la juez/a puede decidir que el maltrato “ocurrió” mientras estaba en su estado. También puede ser posible que el/la agresor/a estaba en su estado cuando le maltrató pero desde entonces se fue del estado.
  3. Otra forma para que la corte adquiera jurisdicción es si usted presenta su petición en el estado donde usted está, y el/la agresor/a recibe notificación de la petición de la corte mientras él/ella está en ese estado.

Sin embargo, aunque nada de esto aplique a su situación, eso no necesariamente significa que usted no pueda conseguir una orden. A usted le pueden dar una orden por consentimiento o el/la juez/a puede encontrar otras circunstancias que permitan que la orden sea dada. Puede leer más sobre jurisdicción personal en nuestra sección de Asuntos Básicos del Sistema Judicial - Jurisdicción Personal.

Nota: Si el/la juez/a de su estado se niega a dar una orden, usted puede pedir una orden en la corte del estado donde vive el/la agresor/a. Sin embargo, recuerde que es probable que usted necesite presentar la petición en persona y asistir a varias citas en la corte, lo cual podría ser difícil si el estado de el/la agresor/a es lejos.