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Legal Statutes: District of Columbia

UPDATED April 11, 2017

District of Columbia Statutes

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Subchapter III-C. Identity Theft

back to top§ 22-3227.01. Definitions

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1)  “Financial injury” means all monetary costs, debts, or obligations incurred by a person as a result of another person obtaining, creating, possessing, or using that person’s personal identifying information in violation of this subchapter, including, but not limited to:

(A)  The costs of clearing the person’s credit rating, credit history, criminal record, or any other official record, including attorney fees;

(B)  The expenses related to any civil or administrative proceeding to satisfy or contest a debt, lien, judgment, or other obligation of the person that arose as a result of the violation of this subchapter, including attorney fees;

(C)  The costs of repairing or replacing damaged or stolen property;

(D)  Lost time or wages, or any similar monetary benefit forgone while the person is seeking redress for damages resulting from a violation of this subchapter; and

(E)  Lost time, wages, and benefits, other losses sustained, legal fees, and other expenses incurred as a result of the use, without permission, of one’s personal identifying information by another as prohibited by § 22-3227.02.

(2)  Repealed.

(3)  “Personal identifying information” includes, but is not limited to, the following:

(A)  Name, address, telephone number, date of birth, or mother’s maiden name;

(B)  Driver’s license or driver’s license number, or non-driver’s license or non-driver’s license number;

(C)  Savings, checking, or other financial account number;

(D)  Social security number or tax identification number;

(E)  Passport or passport number;

(F)  Citizenship status, visa, or alien registration card or number;

(G)  Birth certificate or a facsimile of a birth certificate;

(H)  Credit or debit card, or credit or debit card number;

(I)  Credit history or credit rating;

(J)  Signature;

(K)  Personal identification number, electronic identification number, password, access code or device, electronic address, electronic identification number, routing information or code, digital signature, or telecommunication identifying information;

(L)  Biometric data, such as fingerprint, voice print, retina or iris image, or other unique physical representation;

(M)  Place of employment, employment history, or employee identification number; and

(N)  Any other numbers or information that can be used to access a person’s financial resources, access medical information, obtain identification, act as identification, or obtain property.

(4)  “Property” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 22-3201(3) and shall include credit.

(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 127a, as added Mar. 27, 2004, D.C. Law 15-106, § 2(c), 50 DCR 9809; Dec. 10, 2009, D.C. Law 18-88, § 214(i), 56 DCR 7413.)