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Legal Statutes: Arkansas

UPDATED September 15, 2017

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Chapter 16. Voyeurism

back to top5-16-101. Crime of video voyeurism

(a) It is unlawful to use any camera, videotape, photo-optical, photoelectric, or any other image recording device for the purpose of secretly observing, viewing, photographing, filming, or videotaping a person present in a residence, place of business, school, or other structure, or any room or particular location within that structure, if that person:

(1) Is in a private area out of public view;

(2) Has a reasonable expectation of privacy; and

(3) Has not consented to the observation.

(b) It is unlawful to knowingly use an unmanned vehicle or aircraft, a camcorder, a motion picture camera, a photographic camera of any type, or other equipment that is concealed, flown in a manner to escape detection, or disguised to secretly or surreptitiously videotape, film, photograph, record, or view by electronic means a person:

(1) For the purpose of viewing any portion of the person's body that is covered with clothing and for which the person has a reasonable expectation of privacy;

(2) Without the knowledge or consent of the person being videotaped, filmed, photographed, recorded, or viewed by electronic means; and

(3) Under circumstances in which the person being videotaped, filmed, photographed, recorded, or viewed by electronic means has a reasonable expectation of privacy.

(c)(1) A violation of subsection (a) of this section is a Class D felony.

(2)(A) A violation of subsection (b) of this section is a Class B misdemeanor.

(B) However, a violation of subsection (b) of this section is a Class A misdemeanor if:

(i) The person who created the video recording, film, or photo obtained as described in subsection (b) of this section distributed or transmitted it to another person; or

(ii) The person who created the video recording, film, or photo obtained as described in subsection (b) of this section posted it in a format accessible by another person via the Internet.

(d) The provisions of this section do not apply to any of the following:

(1) Video recording or monitoring conducted under a court order from a court of competent jurisdiction;

(2) Security monitoring operated by or at the direction of an occupant of a residence;

(3) Security monitoring operated by or at the direction of the owner or administrator of a place of business, school, or other structure;

(4) Security monitoring operated in a motor vehicle used for public transit;

(5) Security monitoring and observation associated with a correctional facility, regardless of the location of the monitoring equipment;

(6) Video recording or monitoring conducted by a law enforcement officer within the official scope of his or her duty; or

(7) Videotaping under § 12-18-615(b).

Acts of 1999, Act 757, § 1, eff. July 30, 1999; Acts of 2001, Act 532, § 1, eff. Aug. 13, 2001; Acts of 2007, Act 187, § 1, eff. July 31, 2007; Acts of 2009, Act 330, § 1, eff. July 31, 2009; Acts of 2009, Act 758, § 5, eff. July 31, 2009; Acts of 2015, Act 293, § 1, eff. July 22, 2015.