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Legal Statutes: Georgia

UPDATED September 29, 2016

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Article 3. Kidnapping, False Imprisonment, and Related Offenses

back to top16-5-40. Kidnapping

(a) A person commits the offense of kidnapping when such person abducts or steals away another person without lawful authority or warrant and holds such other person against his or her will.

(b)(1) For the offense of kidnapping to occur, slight movement shall be sufficient; provided, however, that any such slight movement of another person which occurs while in the commission of any other offense shall not constitute the offense of kidnapping if such movement is merely incidental to such other offense.

(2) Movement shall not be considered merely incidental to another offense if it:

(A) Conceals or isolates the victim;

(B) Makes the commission of the other offense substantially easier;

(C) Lessens the risk of detection; or

(D) Is for the purpose of avoiding apprehension.

(c) The offense of kidnapping shall be considered a separate offense and shall not merge with any other offense.

(d) A person convicted of the offense of kidnapping shall be punished by:

(1) Imprisonment for not less than ten nor more than 20 years if the kidnapping involved a victim who was 14 years of age or older;

(2) Imprisonment for life or by a split sentence that is a term of imprisonment for not less than 25 years and not exceeding life imprisonment, followed by probation for life, if the kidnapping involved a victim who is less than 14 years of age;

(3) Life imprisonment or death if the kidnapping was for ransom; or

(4) Life imprisonment or death if the person kidnapped received bodily injury.

(e) Any person convicted under this Code section shall, in addition, be subject to the sentencing and punishment provisions of Code Sections 17-10-6.1 and 17-10-7.

(f) The offense of kidnapping is declared to be a continuous offense, and venue may be in any county where the accused exercises dominion or control over the person of another.
Laws 1833, Cobb's 1851 Digest, p. 788; Laws 1876, p. 39, § 1; Laws 1880-81, p. 74, § 1; Laws 1937, p. 489, § 1; Laws 1953, Nov.-Dec. Sess., p. 99, § 1; Laws 1968, p. 1249, § 1; Laws 1982, p. 970, § 1; Laws 1994, p. 1959, § 4; Laws 2006, Act 571, § 5, eff. July 1, 2006; Laws 2009, Act 88, § 1, eff. July 1, 2009.