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Legal Statutes: Maryland

UPDATED April 19, 2017

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Subtitle 3. Sexual Crimes

back to top§ 3-306. Sexual offense in the second degree

Prohibited--In general

(a) A person may not engage in a sexual act with another:

(1) by force, or the threat of force, without the consent of the other;

(2) if the victim is a mentally defective individual, a mentally incapacitated individual, or a physically helpless individual, and the person performing the sexual act knows or reasonably should know that the victim is a mentally defective individual, a mentally incapacitated individual, or a physically helpless individual; or

(3) if the victim is under the age of 14 years, and the person performing the sexual act is at least 4 years older than the victim.

Prohibited--Children under age 13

(b) A person 18 years of age or older may not violate subsection (a)(1) or (2) of this section involving a child under the age of 13 years.

Penalty

(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, a person who violates this section is guilty of the felony of sexual offense in the second degree and on conviction is subject to imprisonment not exceeding 20 years.

(2)(i) Subject to subparagraph (iv) of this paragraph, a person 18 years of age or older who violates subsection (b) of this section is guilty of the felony of sexual offense in the second degree and on conviction is subject to imprisonment for not less than 15 years and not exceeding life.

(ii) A court may not suspend any part of the mandatory minimum sentence of 15 years.

(iii) The person is not eligible for parole during the mandatory minimum sentence.

(iv) If the State fails to comply with subsection (d) of this section, the mandatory minimum sentence shall not apply.

Required notice

(d) If the State intends to seek a sentence of imprisonment for not less than 15 years under subsection (c)(2) of this section, the State shall notify the person in writing of the State's intention at least 30 days before trial.
Added by Acts 2002, c. 26, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2002. Amended by Acts 2006, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1, eff. June 22, 2006; Acts 2007, c. 494, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2007, c. 495, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007; Acts 2010, c. 174, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2010; Acts 2010, c. 175, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2010; Acts 2010, c. 180, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2010; Acts 2010, c. 181, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2010; Acts 2013, c. 43, § 1, eff. April 9, 2013.