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Legal Statutes: Arkansas

UPDATED September 15, 2017

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Subchapter 4. International Child Abduction Prevention Act

back to top9-13-402. Definitions

As used in this subchapter:

(1) “Child” means a minor under eighteen (18) years of age who is the subject of a custody or visitation;

(A) Matter currently pending before a court; or

(B) Order that has been issued by a court;

(2) “Court” means any circuit court of competent jurisdiction;

(3) “Custodian” means the custodial parent, legal guardian, or lawful custodian of the child as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in the State of Arkansas;

(4) “Dual nationality” means the simultaneous possession of citizenship in two (2) countries;

(5)(A) “Human rights” means the basic principles that recognize each child's freedom and right to be protected from abuse and neglect.

(B) “Human rights” includes the protection of children from:

(i) Abuse and neglect;

(ii) Arranged marriages;

(iii) Child labor;

(iv) Genital mutilation;

(v) Sexual exploitation;

(vi) Slavery;

(vii) Torture and the deprivation of liberty; and

(viii) Armed conflicts.

(C) “Human rights” includes the right of children to:

(i) Survive and develop;

(ii) A name from birth;

(iii) Be granted a nationality;

(iv) Freedom of expression;

(v) Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; and

(vi) A free and compulsory education;

(6) “International child abduction” means the act of taking away, enticing away, withholding, keeping, or concealing a child from his or her parent or custodian by removing the child from the United States;

(7) “Parent” means the biological or adoptive parent of a child;

(8) “Registration” means the official act of notification or documentation of the birth, name, or lineage of an individual; and

(9) “Security professional” means:

(A) A bodyguard;

(B) An off-duty certified law enforcement officer;

(C) A person who holds a license issued by the State of Arkansas or another state; or

(D) A person who has past experience or training as a professional in the area of securing the safety of persons.


Acts of 2005, Act 170, § 1, eff. Aug. 12, 2005.