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Legal Statutes: Alabama

UPDATED July 28, 2016

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Article 1. General Provisions

back to topSection 30-3B-102. Definitions.

In this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(1) ABANDONED. Left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision.

(2) CHILD. An individual who has not attained 19 years of age.

(3) CHILD CUSTODY DETERMINATION. A judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. The term includes a permanent, temporary, initial, and modification order. The term does not include an order relating to child support or other monetary obligation of an individual.

(4) CHILD CUSTODY PROCEEDING. A proceeding in a court in which legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. The term includes a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity, termination of parental rights, and protection from domestic violence, in which the issue may appear. The term does not include a court proceeding involving juvenile delinquency, contractual emancipation, adoption, or enforcement under Article 3.

(5) COMMENCEMENT. The filing of the first pleading in a proceeding.

(6) COURT. An entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination.

(7) HOME STATE. The state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than six months of age, the term means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. A period of temporary absence of the child or any of the mentioned persons is part of the period.

(8) INITIAL DETERMINATION. The first child custody determination concerning a particular child.

(9) ISSUING COURT. The court that makes a child custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this chapter.

(10) ISSUING STATE. The state in which a child custody determination is made.

(11) MODIFICATION. A child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination.

(12) PERSON. An individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or any other legal or commercial entity.

(13) PERSON ACTING AS A PARENT. A person, other than a parent, who:
a. Has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding; and
b. Has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this state.

(14) PHYSICAL CUSTODY. The physical care and supervision of a child.

(15) STATE. A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(16) WARRANT. An order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child.
Act 99-438, p. 866, § 1.