In English
Línea Nacional para la Violencia Doméstica: 1-800-799-7233 o (TTY) 1-800-787-3224

Conozca la Ley: Wyoming

ACTUALIZADA 23 de diciembre, 2016

Orders of Protection Against Stalking or Sexual Assault

Imprimir esta página
Ver por Sección

An order of protection against stalking or sexual assault provides protection from someone who has stalked you or committed sexual assault against you.  You can file for this order regardless of whether or not you reported the stalking or sexual assault to the police - there does not have to be an arrest or conviction for you to file for (and receive) an order of protection.

Basic information and definitions

arribaWhat is the legal definition of stalking in Wyoming?

Stalking is when, with the intention to harass you, the stalker engages in a course of conduct (commits acts) that is reasonably likely to harass you.*

"Harass," in this context, means committing repeated actions that are directed at you or your family such as verbal threats, written threats, lewd or obscene statements or images, vandalism, physical contact without your consent, or other actions.  The harassing actions must be such that they would cause a "reasonable person" to suffer substantial emotional distress and they must seriously alarm (frighten) you.**

The "course of conduct" (referred to above) that the stalker must commit includes, but is not limited to, any combination of the following:

  • in a harassing manner, communicating with you (or causing someone else to communicate with you) verbally, electronically, mechanically, by telephone, or in writing - this includes anonymous communications; 
  • following you;
  • placing you under surveillance by waiting outside your home (not including the stalker's own home), school, workplace, vehicle, other place where you are; or
  • committing other repeated acts that harass you.*

* Wyoming Code § 6-2-506(b)
** Wyoming Code § 6-2-506(a)(ii)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaWhat is the legal definition of sexual assault?

For the purposes of getting an order of protection, sexual assault is defined as committing, attempting to commit or conspiring with another person to commit any of the following:

* Wyoming Code § 7-3-506(a)(3)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaWho can file for an order of protection against stalking or sexual assault?

A petition for an order of protection based on stalking can be filed by:

  • a victim of stalking; or
  • the district attorney on behalf of the stalking victim.*  

A petition for an order of protection for a victim of sexual assault can be filed by:

  • a victim of sexual assault;
  • the district attorney on behalf of the sexual assault victim, with the victim's consent; or
  • any person with legal authority to act on behalf of the victim if the victim is:
    • a minor;
    • a vulnerable adult, as defined by law; or
    • any other adult who, because of age, disability, health or inaccessibility, cannot file the petition.*

Note: You can file for this order regardless of whether or not you reported the stalking or sexual assault to the police.  The abuser does not have to be arrested, charged or convicted for you to file for (and receive) an order of protection.**

* Wyoming Code § 7–3–507(a)
** Wyoming Code § 7–3–507(e)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaHow can an order of protection help me?

An ex parte temporary order or a final order can order the abuser to:

  • not commit any further acts of stalking or sexual assault involving you or any other person;
  • stay away from your home, school, business, workplace, or any other location; 
  • not intimidate, threaten, or otherwise interfere with you, your family or household members, or other specific person(s) named in the order; and
  • not contact you, your family or household members, or other specific person(s) named in the order through telephone calls, mail, e-mail, texting, fax, social media, or any other form of communication.*

* Wyoming Code §§ 7-3-509(a); 7–3–508(b)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

Getting the order

arribaWhat types of orders of protection are there? How long do they last?

There are 2 types of orders of protection against stalking or sexual assault.  If a judge believes there exists a clear and present danger of further stalking, sexual assault, or of serious adverse (negative) physical consequences to you, s/he can issue an ex parte temporary order of protection.*  "Ex parte" is Latin for "from one side," which means that the abuser is not notified ahead of time that the order is being issued and is not present in court.  This temporary order will last only until your full court hearing when the abuser has an opportunity to tell his/her side, usually within 72 hours.**

The amount of time that a final order of protection lasts will depend on the reason for the order.  For an order based on stalking, it can last up to 1 year.   For an order based on sexual assault, it can last for the longer of these two time periods:

  • (up to) 6 months; or
  • the date that the abuser is charged with sexual assault (or a related criminal offense) and the court-ordered bond conditions for pre-trial release are as restrictive as those in the order of protection.***

To get a final order, you will have a hearing in front of a judge. Both you and the abuser will have an opportunity to tell your sides of the story at this hearing.

* Wyoming Code § 7–3–508(b)
** Wyoming Code § 7–3–508(a)
*** Wyoming Code § 7-3-510(b)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaWhat are the steps to file for order of protection against stalking or sexual assault?

The steps to getting an order of protection against stalking or sexual assault are similar to the steps to getting a domestic violence order of protection.  You can click on that section to read more. 

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaDoes it cost anything to file or serve the order? Do I need a lawyer?

There is no fee to file the petition nor a fee for service of process (serving the petition upon the abuser).*  Although you do not need a lawyer, it could be helpful to have one if the petition is not being filed on your behalf by the district attorney.  If you are low-income (indigent), the judge may appoint an attorney to represent you -- or you can have your own attorney or you can appear on your own (pro se).  To find contact information for legal services organizations, go to our WY Finding a Lawyer page.  If you are representing yourself, go to our Preparing Your Case section for tips on how to represent yourself.

* Wyoming Code § 7–3–507(c),(d)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaHow do I change, cancel or extend my order?

Either you or the abuser can file in court to modify (change), terminate (cancel) or extend the order.  

To change or cancel your order, either you or the abuser can return to the court that gave the original order and ask a judge to change or cancel it.  You or the abuser will have to explain to a judge why the order should or should not be changed or canceled. If the abuser asks to have the order changed or canceled, there will be a hearing. You should go the hearing and explain why a judge should not change or cancel it.

The order may be extended multiple times once upon a showing of "good cause" for additional periods of time, not to exceed 1 year (for each extension).  You must be able to allege specific facts that will convince the judge that a clear and present danger to you continues to exist.*  If you would like to extend your order, you will need to return to the court clerk's office to file for an extension before your order expires. 

 * Wyoming Code § 7-3-510

¿Le fue útil esta información?

arribaWhat is the penalty for violating the order of protection?

The "willful violation" of a temporary or final order of protection can be a misdemeanor punishable by up to 6 months in jail, a fine of up to $750.00, or both.*  However, if an abuser is charged with violating the order and proves that you "requested" that the abuser violate the order, this can be a defense to being found guilty.*  For example, if you call the abuser or ask him/her to come over, s/he may not be found guilty of violating the "no contact" or "stay away" provisions.   

The abuser can also be held in contempt of court for violating the court order and punished by the judge.  To file for contempt, you would file a motion and affidavit for an order to show cause in the court that issued the order of protection.  You can find the appropriate forms (in either the stalking order section or sexual assault order section) on the Wyoming Courts website.

* Wyoming Statutes § 7-3-510(c)
** Wyoming Statutes § 7-3-509(c)

¿Le fue útil esta información?

back to top