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Conozca la Ley: South Dakota

ACTUALIZADA 2 de junio, 2017

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Below is information about state gun laws in South Dakota.  However, in addition to these state-specific laws, there are also federal gun laws that could apply.  To fully understand all of the legal protections available, it is important that you also read the Federal Gun Laws pages. strongly recommends that you get in touch with a domestic violence advocate or lawyer in your community for more information on gun laws in your state.  To find an agency, please go to the SD Where to Find Help page.

Guns and Protection Orders

arribaI have a temporary order against the abuser. Can his/her gun be taken away?






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arribaI have a protection order against the abuser. Can s/he keep a gun or buy a new gun?

In South Dakota, as part of an ex parte temporary order or a final protection order, the judge can order the abuser to "immediately turn over all weapons and ammunition to the local sheriff."*  A person can also be denied a permit to carry a concealed weapon if s/he has a "history of violence,"** although the law doesn't specifically define what this means.

Federal laws, which apply to all states, restrict an abuser's right to have a gun if you have a protection order against him/her that meets certain requirements even if the judge does not specifically include on the order that s/he cannot have a gun.  Go to the Federal Gun Laws page to get more information.

If you are afraid for your safety, talk to your local domestic violence program about your options.  Go to the SD State and Local Programs to find a program in your area.

* See Domestic Permanent Order of ProtectionDomestic Temporary Ex Parte Order of Protection, Stalking Permanent Order of Protection, and Stalking Temporary Ex Parte Order of Protection
** SDCL §§ 23-7-7; 23-7-7.1(4)

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arribaIs there anything I can do to make it more likely that the abuser's gun is taken away when I get a protection order?

Here are a few things that may help:

  • If the abuser has a gun, tell the judge how many guns s/he has, and if s/he has ever threatened you with a gun(s);
  • Ask the judge to specifically write in your protective order that the abuser cannot own, buy or have a gun while the order is in effect. The form that you will have to fill out to petition for a protective order will have a place where you can request additional protections. You can ask that the abuser’s gun(s) be taken away in that section; and
  • Before leaving the courthouse, check to make sure that the gun restriction is written on your order.

It also may be helpful if the judge explains what will happen to the abuser's guns, who will take them, and where they will be held once you leave the courthouse. If the judge agrees to add language that the abuser cannot keep his/her guns while the protection order is in effect, you may also want to ask that the judge:

  • Require the abuser to give his/her guns to the police, or require the police to go to the abuser's house and get them;
  • Make it clear to both you and the abuser how long the guns will be kept away from the abuser; and
  • Order that the police notify you when the guns are returned to the abuser.

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