Know the Laws: Minnesota
UPDATED September 24, 2012
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No. Under Federal law, if your abuser has been convicted of a felony or a domestic violence misdemeanor, s/he cannot have or buy a gun.* If you're not sure if your abuser has been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor, see What crimes are considered domestic violence misdemeanors?
In addition, MN state law says that you cannot have or buy a gun if you have been convicted of:
* 18 USC 922 (g) (9)
** MN Statutes §624.713(subdiv. 1)
A crime is considered a domestic violence misdemeanor under Federal law if it:
Was committed by:
Note: The crime does not have to specifically mention "domestic violence" in order for it to be considered a domestic violence misdemeanor, and for the federal firearm law to apply.** The relationship that the victim has with the offender is what determines whether or not the misdemeanor is a "domestic violence" misdemeanor.***
For example: If Bob is convicted of a misdemeanor assault against his wife, he may no longer have or buy a gun.
If Bob is convicted of a misdemeanor assault against his neighbor, he may still be able to have or buy a gun.
If you're not sure if a certain crime counts as a domestic violence misdemeanor, you can contact the National Center on Full Faith and Credit at 1-800-903-0111.
* 18 USC 921 (a) (33) (A)
*** United States v. Denis, 297 F.3d.25 (1st Cir. 2002.); United States v. Costigan, 18 Fed.Appx. 2, 2001 WL 535734 (C.A.1 (Me.)).
A felony under both Federal and MN state law is a crime that is punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year.*
* 18 USC 227 (A) 3559; MN Statutes §609.02, Subd.2
No. Law enforcement officers and other government officials who have been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor or felony cannot have or buy guns for any purpose, including their official duties, according to federal law.*
* 18 USC 925 (a) (1)
Domestic violence misdemeanor and Felony records are open to the public, but they are not always easy to access. If you know the exact courthouse where your abuser may have been convicted, you can go to the courthouse and ask the clerk of court for access to those records.
Domestic violence misdemeanor and Felony records are also kept in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NCIS). However, no one other than law enforcement officials and licensed firearm sellers are allowed to search the NCIS. Your local police department may be willing to search NCIS for you if you ask, but they are not required to do so.
To read more about the NCIS, please see the question, What will happen if my abuser tries to purchase a gun?